Skin pH plays a vital role in skin condition, as it neutralises alkaline-based aggressors, inhibits bacterial growth, and restores the optimal acid environment. The optimal pH of skin is between 4.7 and 5.75, with anything below that being acidic and above it alkaline. Suppose the skin’s pH rises into the alkaline range. In that case, essential epidermal lipids cannot be synthesised, and the skin loses water and dries out, making it less resilient and more sensitive to environmental triggers.
Maintaining a healthy pH balance is directly proportional to healthy skin, regardless of age. Therefore, using pH-balanced products is crucial for maintaining healthy skin, especially for babies and adults.
The pH of baby skin
Stating on the significance of PH-balanced products, Ms. Nikita kohli kathuria, the co-Founder of Kinu Baby Care said, Since a baby’s skin is more delicate and sensitive than that of adults, pH balance is vital. A baby‘s skin has a higher pH than an adult’s as self-protection mechanisms are less developed, and as a result, babies require specific care to keep their skin healthy. Skin at birth is thinner and has less pigmentation than adult skin. A baby’s skin has a higher pH of 6.5 to 5.5 in the early weeks of life since its protective acid mantle has not yet fully formed. By the age of six, the skin’s structure and appendages have fully matured and equate to that of an adult. Also, as hormones fluctuate later in life, the pH of the skin might change.
In addition to ensuring that the baby lotion or body wash we use for our baby has antioxidants and a formula free of toxins, parents should also be mindful of the pH balance. Applying pH-balanced products is essential for protecting a baby’s skin’s delicate pH balance. It helps in the prevention of skin irritation, dryness, and pain. Since babies’ skin is thinner and more prone to irritation and dryness, it is vital to use solutions formulated specifically for them.” she further said.
The pH of adult skin
According to Aakriti Suri, Founder of Happier Skincare, Many factors, including hormones, biological age, and genetics, can affect the pH of the skin. The pH of male and female skin also differs slightly because the higher rate of sebum production in male skin lowers the average pH level. Therefore, understanding and identifying one’s body type and its requisites are very important, as it will help you to take good care of your skin and well-being by aiding you to make righteous products and life choices.”
The extra step in your skincare regimen that a pH-balancing toner may provide can transform tired, sensitive, or ageing skin and significantly improve overall skin health. Skin also becomes less susceptible to environmental dangers after the pH is back in the balance (between 5 and 7). This means the skin barrier is strengthened, enabling it to better protects itself from causes like UV damage and aging”, she added.
When choosing pH-balanced skincare products, looking for products specifically designed to balance the skin’s pH level is essential. For example, look for products with a pH level between 4.5 and 5.5 and avoid products with a pH above 6, as these products can disrupt the skin’s natural barrier and lead to skin irritation. In addition, it is essential to use products formulated to respect the natural pH of particular body areas (such as hands, armpits, and intimate regions).