By – Dr. Garima Sawhney, Senior Gynaecologist and Co-founder, Pristyn Care
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a medical procedure that assists individuals or couples in overcoming infertility issues and helps them conceive a child. It offers several benefits for infertile couples who are struggling to conceive naturally.
Some of the ways IVF helps infertile couples to have a baby include:
Increased chances of pregnancy: IVF can significantly enhance the chances of achieving pregnancy, particularly for couples with fertility issues such as blocked fallopian tubes, low sperm count, or unexplained infertility. By combining the egg and sperm in a laboratory setting, IVF bypasses potential obstacles and increases the likelihood of successful fertilization.
Treatment for various infertility causes: IVF is a versatile fertility treatment that can address various causes of infertility. It can be used for women with irregular ovulation or ovulation disorders, endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or advanced maternal age. IVF can also assist couples in cases where the male partner has low sperm count, poor sperm motility, or abnormal sperm morphology.
Genetic screening and diagnosis: IVF allows for preimplantation genetic testing (PGT), which enables the screening of embryos for genetic abnormalities or chromosomal disorders before they are transferred to the uterus. This screening can help identify embryos with a higher likelihood of implantation and reduce the risk of passing on genetic diseases to the child.
Control over timing and family planning: IVF offers couples the ability to have more control over the timing of conception. They can choose when to initiate the IVF process, which is particularly beneficial for couples facing specific life circumstances or medical treatments that may affect their fertility. IVF also allows for the freezing and storage of embryos, giving couples the option to plan for future pregnancies.
Overcoming tubal factor infertility: IVF is particularly advantageous for couples with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, as it completely bypasses the need for functional tubes. Eggs are retrieved directly from the ovaries and fertilized in the laboratory before being transferred to the uterus. This helps overcome tubal factor infertility, which is a common cause of female infertility.
Surrogacy options: For couples where the female partner is unable to carry a pregnancy due to medical reasons, IVF provides the opportunity to use a gestational surrogate. In this case, the embryos created through IVF are transferred to the surrogate’s uterus, allowing the couple to have a biological child.
It can be used by anybody: In-vitro fertilization can be used by gestational or surrogate carriers in addition to the baby’s mother, allowing a wider spectrum of people to become parents and take part in the pregnancy and birth process. This covers women who are unable physically to bear a kid, same-sex couples, and single women.
Decrease your chances of miscarriage: Genetic abnormalities are the most frequent reason for miscarriage since they force the body to end the pregnancy on its own. Mothers have a better chance of enjoying a healthy pregnancy and carrying the baby to term by using PGT to assess the genetic viability of an embryo beforehand.
Increase your chances of conception: IVF with PGT has the highest success rate of all of the other assisted reproductive options. Multiple cycles can be used if necessary to increase a woman’s chances of fertilization, a healthy pregnancy and live birth.
It’s important to note that the success of IVF can vary depending on several factors, including the age of the woman, the quality of the eggs and sperm, and overall health. It’s recommended for couples to consult with a fertility specialist who can evaluate their specific situation and provide personalized advice.