A recent report has shown that the overall air quality of the national capital has fallen into the “very poor” category leading to the Air Quality Index (AQI) of 302. Experts say that the state of air pollution majorly caused by vehicular exhaust is likely to shoot up that will raise concerns about several respiratory diseases. Recent studies have shown a strong association between the emergence of several ailments and air pollution highlighting the critical requirement for clean air and environmental precautions. Experts say that air pollution led by emissions from industrial processes, vehicles, and other sources is linked to a variety of health conditions and some of these health issues can be fatal.
Respiratory diseases are one of the most commonly known health issues caused by air pollution. Respiratory ailments include bronchitis, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Toxic chemicals found in polluted air can disturb the respiratory system, worsen pre-existing issues, make it hard to breathe, and deteriorate lung function over time. Air pollution is also associated with heart issues, such as heart attacks, hypertension, and stroke. Extended exposure to polluted air can cause oxidative stress and inflammation in the circulatory system, elevating the odds of cardiovascular ailments. Some air pollutants are categorized as carcinogens and extended exposure to these pollutants can result in lung cancer and other types of cancers. Elements such as formaldehyde and benzene present in polluted air, are considered carcinogens.
Many studies have revealed that there is a link between air pollution and neurological disorders. Toxic chemicals found in polluted air can impact the central nervous system leading to disorders like cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s disease. Pregnant women who are exposed to polluted air might be at risk of delivering low birth weight babies and premature delivery. Health experts say that air pollution also affects the growth of the fetus. Airborne pollutants might aggravate allergies and skin issues like eczema. Experts say that there is a need for stringent environmental guidelines and viable ecological practices to avoid these health concerns.