Non-Communicable Diseases take maximum life worldwide. WHO data shows an increase in death due to non-communicable diseases.
As per the latest WHO data, 74 per cent of total global deaths in 2019 were due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
The four major NCDs are cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.
These NCDs collectively killed about 33.3 million people in 2019, a 28% increase compared to 2000.
Highest 17.9 million people died worldwide in 2019 due to heart diseases followed by cancer (9.3 million). About 4.1 million people died of chronic respiratory disease.
The data also indicates a surge in death due to diabetes as around 2 million people worldwide died of diabetes in 2019, a three percent increase from 2000 to 2019.
As per the WHO data, the increase in absolute numbers of deaths due to NCDs was mainly driven by population growth and ageing. At the individual level, however, the overall risk of dying from NCDs has been declining worldwide, showing progress over the last two decades.
The World Health Statistics 23 report is the annual compilation of health and health-related indicators which has been published by the WHO since 2005. The 2023 edition reviews more than 50 health-related indicators from the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The report suggests that globally men have a higher probability of premature death from NCDs than women. The absolute gap between sexes had been closing during the last two decades globally and in all WHO regions.
As per an earlier WHO data on India, NCDs are estimated to account for 63 per cent of all deaths in a year. Like other countries India too registers highest death due to heart diseases followed by chronic respiratory diseases. Of all NCD deaths, heart diseases account for 27 per cent deaths and chronic respiratory diseases account for 11 per cent death. Nine per cent of total NCD deaths in India is due to cancer. Like the word data, India also records three percent deaths due to diabetes.