Pneumonia is a respiratory disease, which can turn fatal if not treated on time. It is led by bacteria known as Streptococcus pneumoniae that attacks various parts of the body. When these bacteria start invading the lungs, it leads to pneumonia infection. Older adults, asthma patients, HIV-positive people, people with compromised immune systems, and children are more susceptible to developing pneumonia. Professional medical care is essential to treat the disease, however, there are some measures that people should take at home to speed up recovery and prevent the severity of the disease. Let’s understand how the disease can be managed at home with simple and easy methods.
People who are diagnosed with pneumonia should properly follow health professionals’ prescribed treatment plan that usually consists of cough medicine, antibiotics, and other medications. Rest is crucial for recovery. People should allow their bodies to recover by sleeping as much as possible. Staying hydrated is very important for the healing process. People should include plenty of fluids such as herbal tea, water, and clear broth in their daily diet. Hydration helps release mucus and calm down a sore throat. Using a humidifier might be beneficial for pneumonia patients. It increases moisture in the air, which can relax breathing and release congestion. People can use a cool-mist humidifier in their bedrooms while sleeping. Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen help ease fever and reduce body pain. However, it should be consumed as per the suggested dosage.
Healthcare providers can recommend some over-the-counter cough medicines to reduce persistent coughing and make breathing comfortable, which is a major symptom of pneumonia. Deep breathing exercises can enhance lung capacity and help avert the serious consequences of pneumonia. Taking slow and deep breaths daily clears the lungs. Having a healthy and balanced diet including lean protein, vegetables, fruits, and whole grains improves the immune system. Extreme intake of sugary or processed foods should be avoided.
People should monitor their symptoms, if they do not get better within a few days of home remedies, they should immediately get in touch with their doctors. Following good hygiene such as washing hands with soap, wearing face masks, and avoiding direct exposure to patients prevents the transmission of the disease. Smoking and passive smoking both can deteriorate symptoms of pneumonia, hence quitting might be beneficial. Pneumonia patients should wear warm clothes to avoid chilling and maintain a comfortable body temperature, which supports recovery.