It has already started raining in several parts of India. While rains bring much-needed respite from hot summers, they also bring the season of water-borne diseases. Water-borne diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms that are transmitted through contaminated water sources. During the monsoon season, water-borne diseases tend to be more prevalent due to increased rainfall and water contamination.
Here we are going to tell you five common water-borne diseases that can occur during the monsoon:
Cholera: Cholera is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera, which spreads through contaminated water and food. It leads to severe diarrhoea, vomiting, and dehydration. During monsoons, floods and inadequate sanitation can contribute to the spread of cholera.
Typhoid fever: Typhoid is caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi, and it spreads through the ingestion of contaminated food and water. Heavy rainfall can lead to the contamination of water sources, increasing the risk of typhoid during the monsoon season.
Hepatitis A: Hepatitis A is a viral infection that affects the liver and is transmitted through the ingestion of contaminated water or food. During the monsoons, water sources can become contaminated with faecal matter, increasing the risk of hepatitis A outbreaks.
Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis is caused by the bacteria Leptospira, which is commonly found in water contaminated by animal urine. During heavy rainfall, floods can lead to the mixing of animal urine with water sources, increasing the risk of infection.
Diarrheal diseases: Various diarrheal diseases, such as bacterial and viral gastroenteritis, can occur during the monsoon season. Contaminated water sources, poor sanitation, and inadequate hygiene practices contribute to the spread of these diseases.
It’s important to practice good hygiene, such as drinking safe and clean water, washing hands regularly, and maintaining proper sanitation measures, to reduce the risk of water-borne diseases during the monsoon season.