Northern India has been clocking a serious rise in temperature and heatwave conditions. Health experts have warned people stating that it might result in adverse health effects among people living in the region. India Meteorological Department (IMD) reports that the maximum temperature has reached over 45 degrees Celsius in some parts of Delhi.
Earlier this week heatwave atmosphere continued in Delhi recording a maximum temperature of nearly 43 degrees Celsius. IMD has already issued a yellow alert for the national capital. Heatwaves are a major threat to susceptible populations like children, elderly people, and those with underlying health conditions.
A senior Consultant, in Internal Medicine, Dr. Rakesh Gupta has said that long-term exposure to high temperatures can lead to heat-related issues such as heatstroke and heat fatigue. Heatwaves can deteriorate respiratory and cardiovascular issues and result in elevated rates of death as well. Another consultant, Dr. Pradeep Kawatra has said that being exposed to heatwaves can be detrimental for elderly people and those with severe health issues.
Exposure to heatwave can cause dehydration and hyperthermia
Direct and long-term exposure to heatwave can cause dehydration and hyperthermia which is an abnormally high body temperature. Experts reveal that heatwaves are quite common now due to climate change.
A study shows that nearly 90 percent of India comes under the extremely cautious or dangerous zone due to the heatwave effect. Delhi is mostly susceptible to chronic heatwave effects. Heatwaves in India have become persistent and long-term, highlighting the vital need for alleviation and adaptation plans to talk about climate change.
Heatwaves can cause giddiness, headache, dark-colored or reduced urination, fast breathing, and red patches on the skin, at times can lead to fainting incidents or syncope. In severe incidents, it can cause chest discomfort, coma, and an imbalance of electrolytes.
In more chronic cases, it can result in brain damage and death as well. Experts advise that people should avoid direct exposure to high temperatures from 12 noon to 4:30 PM by using an umbrella and keeping themselves properly hydrated.