Understanding the Thyroid: A Key Endocrine Player
The thyroid, an easily recognizable endocrine gland, holds significant sway over our well-being. Dr. Shrinath Pratap Shetty, an eminent Endocrinologist at KMC Hospital Mangalore, delves into the complexities of thyroid function and its far-reaching effects on our health.
Thyroid Hormones and Their Vital Roles
Functioning as a hormone powerhouse, the thyroid gland produces T4 and T3 hormones that orchestrate essential bodily processes. These hormones impact energy utilization, heart rate, fertility, and even brain development. Dr. Shetty highlights the role of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in governing thyroid activities.
Navigating Imbalances: Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
Imbalances in thyroid hormones result in distinct conditions: hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism, characterized by insufficient T4/T3 production, can trigger symptoms like weight gain, fatigue, and menstrual irregularities. On the other hand, hyperthyroidism, marked by excess T4/T3, often finds its origins in autoimmune factors.
Thyroid’s Influence on Pregnancy
Expectant mothers must monitor their thyroid health, as imbalances can impact pregnancy outcomes. Dr. Shetty emphasizes the importance of checking thyroid function during pregnancy to ensure the well-being of both mother and child. Subclinical hypothyroidism, even in mild forms, requires timely management.
Diabetes and Thyroid: A Delicate Connection
Dr. Shetty discusses the intriguing interplay between diabetes and thyroid health, especially among elderly mothers. With diabetes posing potential complications during pregnancy, simultaneous thyroid assessment is crucial for a holistic approach to maternal and fetal health.
Goitre: An Enlargement with Significance
The article sheds light on goitre, the enlargement of the thyroid gland. Dr. Shetty emphasizes that suspicious characteristics warrant immediate attention and evaluation, especially if malignancy indicators are present.