As people grow old, their bodies experience multiple changes that deteriorate the immune system. As we age, it becomes vital to prioritize health, especially after 30 years of age. The body starts giving several indications before falling sick after a certain age, however, these signs and symptoms might not be too apparent in the beginning. Therefore, healthcare professionals recommend a few health screenings that help people seek timely diagnosis and treatment. Here are some health tests that people who are above 30 years old should undergo at least once a year.
Complete Blood Count or CBC test offers information about the cells present in the bloodstream such as white blood cells (WBC), red blood cells (RBC), and platelets. CBC test can diagnose several health issues like infections, anemia, and leukemia. The liver Function Test or LFT is crucial for people who consume alcohol. This screening assesses liver health by calculating proteins, bilirubin, and the levels of enzymes in the blood. Kidney Function Test or KFT evaluates the capacity of the kidneys to filter waste elements from the blood. This test estimates creatinine and the levels of blood urea nitrogen, showing how well the kidneys are working. People who have a family history of diabetes should undergo a blood sugar test. This screening assesses the levels of glucose in the bloodstream. It helps detect diabetes and keep track of blood sugar control.
Lipid Profile examines the levels of HDL (good cholesterol), LDL (bad cholesterol), and triglycerides in the blood. It also evaluates the odds of heart disease and stroke. Regular blood pressure check-ups are essential for people above 30 years old. It helps diagnose hypertension that is a major risk factor for stroke, kidney failure, and heart disease. Thyroid Function Tests estimate levels of thyroid hormone in the bloodstream and help detect thyroid issues like hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Vitamin D test assesses the concentration of vitamin D in the bloodstream. Sufficient levels of vitamin D are required for optimum bone health. A vitamin B12 test is vital for vegetarian people. It calculates the levels of vitamin B12 in the blood. Deficiency of vitamin B12 can cause nerve injury, anemia, and other health conditions.